Educational Models

Models that Work: The Nuts and Bolts of Faculty Development
For General Internal Medicine,Family Medicine and General Pediatrics

December 2 - 4, 1998

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Health Resources & Services Administration
and The Academic Pediatric Association


Models that Work: The Nuts and Bolts of Faculty Development for General Internal Medicine, Family Medicine, and General Pediatrics Conferences was held in Orlando, Florida December 2-4, 1998. The Conference was funded by the Health Resources Services Administration and administrated through the Academic Pediatric Association. The conference was the third in a series of conferences sponsored by the Division of Medicine to address an emerging crisis among medical schools: the shortage of faculty to teach primary care and their need for continuing education, training, and support.

The first two conferences had explored the changing characteristics of faculty required to train the physicians of the future and the need for restructuring and reengineering academic medical organizations. The evaluations from those conferences indicated that attendees wanted practical information and skills that would enable them to begin to address their institutions' faculty development needs. In response to those evaluations, a follow-up conference was conceptualized in which attendees could learn about successful programs that prepared faculty in the primary care medical disciplines.

The purpose of the Models that Work Conference was to provide teams of administrators and educators with a basic knowledge of the types of programs to develop faculty that have been successful and to assist them with conducting assessments so that they could choose the model most appropriate to their own institutions. Additionally, the program was designed to impart basic skills in administration and education related to the various models of faculty development and to provide a forum for discussion between experts and attendees.

The purpose of this manual is to provide resource materials that were developed for the conference. Included are conceptual papers, descriptions of four models of faculty development, materials on conducting institutional needs assessments, and summaries and handouts from the administrative and educational skills workshops.

One aspect of this conference that was different from any other that HRSA had undertaken in faculty development was an experiment in distance-based learning. A video teleconference was conducted 6 weeks prior to the meeting with the purpose of trying to help institutions conduct needs assessments prior to participation in the conference at Orlando. Approximately 38 institutions across the United States participated. Materials on preparation for the video conference, as well as materials and references for conducting a needs assessment, are included in this manual.

As Clyde Evans succinctly stated in his keynote address: "We will definitely need faculty in the 21st century. Without faculty there would be no one to teach the next generation of physicians, no one to find cures for disease, no one to care for those suffering the burdens of illness. But that implies the need to develop, train and nurture those faculty needed in the future...Academic medicine is in the midst of deep paradigm shifts and is experiencing transformational forces. As a result, life in academic medicine is no longer what it used to be and is still not yet what it will become."

In the context of a rapidly changing environment, the need for continuous training of our faculties is greater than ever, as are the challenges of providing both the methods and the resources for it. The presenters at the conference have generously given of their thoughts, creativity, talents, time, and their efforts in providing the materials presented in this manual. We hope that they will be a useful contribution in our struggle to support the academic missions of our
medical faculty.

Lucy M. Osborn, M.D., M.S.P.H.
Project Director

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